Seasonal Affective Disorder treatment : A Case Of The Winter Blues
There are several options of Seasonal Affective Disorder treatment. Those suffering from SAD might want to consider phototherapy, medication, psychotherapy or natural products.
First, let's look at Seasonal Affective Disorder (SAD). It is a type of depressive disorder related to seasonal variations of light. As seasons change, there is a change in sunlight which disrupt our “internal biological clock” or circadian rhythms – which tell us when it’s to sleep and to wake up.
The most common type of SAD is winter depression. As many as 6 of every 100 Americans have winter depression. While 10%
to 20% experience milder SAD - or “winter blues”. SAD is more common in women, and it usually doesn’t start in people
younger than 20 years old. The most difficult months for SAD are between September and April, in particular during
December, January and February.
It is most prevalent in northern geographic areas such as US and Canada, but extremely rare in those living in tropical
areas where daylight hours are long, constant and extremely bright.
Common symptoms that may require Seasonal Affective Disorder treatment include the following:
- Sleep problems. Usually desire to oversleep and difficulty staying awake but, in some cases, disturbed sleep and early morning wakening
- Lethargy and loss of energy. Feeling of fatigue and inability to carry out normal routine
- Overeating. Craving for sweet and starchy foods, usually resulting in weight gain
- Depression. Melatonin, a sleep-related hormone that’s also linked to depression, has been linked to SAD. There is an
increased production of melatonin in the dark, thus, during the long nights of winter
- Social problems. Irritability and desire to avoid social contact and increased sensitivity to social rejection
- Difficulty concentrating and processing information
- Anxiety. Tension and inability to tolerate stress
- Loss of libido. Decreased interest in sex and physical contact
- Mood changes. Hypomania, or hyperactivity
The following options of Seasonal Affective Disorder treatment should be considered :
Better sleep is an effective Seasonal Affective Disorder treatment.
- Phototherapy or bright light therapy has been shown to suppress the brain’s secretion of melatonin. It consists of
sitting a few feet away from a special lamp that's 10 to 20 times brighter than ordinary indoor lights, allowing the
light to shine directly through the eyes, for 30 or more minutes each day,
- Medication. There are prescribed antidepressant drugs for SAD, but people should be wary of unwanted side effects.
- Psychotherapy or counselling helps the sufferer identify and modify negative thoughts and behaviours that may play a
role in bringing about signs and symptoms of SAD. It helps the person to relax, accept their illness and cope with its
- Natural supplements containing specific elements to promote better sleep and support your general well-being.
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- Other types of Seasonal Affective Disorder treatment : For mild symptoms, spending time outdoors on sunny days, even during winter helps. Also, by arranging homes and workplaces so as to receive more sunlight. Daily exercise and balanced diet help manage stress. If possible, take winter vacations in sunny, warm locations.
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