Hydrocodone side effects
Hydrocodone side effects :
a look at Purpose, Interactions and Warnings
Hydrocodone is a type of Narcotic analgesic, used to relieve pain. Some analgesics are also used just before or during an operation to help the anesthetic work better. Codeine and hydrocodone are also used to relieve coughing. Methadone is also used to help some people control their dependence on heroin or other narcotics. Narcotic analgesics may also be used for other conditions as determined by your doctor.
Hydrocodone side effects and interactions
If you will be taking this medicine for a long time (for example, for several months at a time), your doctor should check your progress at regular visits.
Narcotic analgesics will add to the effects of alcohol and other CNS depressants (medicines that slow down the nervous system, possibly causing drowsiness). Some examples of CNS depressants are antihistamines or medicine for hay fever, other allergies, or colds; sedatives, tranquilizers, or sleeping medicine; other prescription pain medicines including other narcotics; barbiturates; medicine for seizures; muscle relaxants; or anesthetics, including some dental anesthetics. Do not drink alcoholic beverages, and check with your medical doctor or dentist before taking any of the medicines listed above, while you are using this medicine.
This medicine may cause some people to become drowsy, dizzy, or lightheaded, or to feel a false sense of well-being. Make sure you know how you react to this medicine before you drive, use machines, or do anything else that could be dangerous if you are dizzy or are not alert and clearheaded.
Dizziness, light-headedness, or fainting may occur, especially when you get up suddenly from a lying or sitting position. Getting up slowly may help lessen this problem.
Nausea or vomiting may occur, especially after the first couple of doses. This effect may go away if you lie down for a while. However, if nausea or vomiting continues, check with your medical doctor or dentist. Lying down for a while may also help relieve some other side effects, such as dizziness or light-headedness, that may occur.
Before having any kind of surgery (including dental surgery) or emergency treatment, tell the medical doctor or dentist in charge that you are taking this medicine.
Hydrocodone side effects may cause dryness of the mouth. For temporary relief, use sugarless candy or gum, melt bits of ice in your mouth, or use a saliva substitute. However, if dry mouth continues for more than 2 weeks, check with your dentist. Continuing dryness of the mouth may increase the chance of dental disease, including tooth decay, gum disease, and fungus infections.
If you have been taking this medicine regularly for several weeks or more, do not suddenly stop using it without first checking with your doctor. Your doctor may want you to reduce gradually the amount you are taking before stopping completely, in order to lessen the chance of withdrawal Hydrocodone side effects.
If you think you or someone else may have taken an overdose, get emergency help at once. Taking an overdose of this medicine or taking alcohol or CNS depressants with this medicine may lead to unconsciousness or death. Signs of overdose include convulsions (seizures), confusion, severe nervousness or restlessness, severe dizziness, severe drowsiness, slow or troubled breathing, and severe weakness.
Observed Hydrocodone side effects
Along with its needed effects, there may be unwanted Hydrocodone side effects. Although not all of these side effects may occur, if they do occur they may need medical attention.
Get emergency help immediately if any of the following symptoms of overdose occur:
Cold, clammy skin; confusion; convulsions (seizures); dizziness (severe) ; drowsiness (severe); low blood pressure; nervousness or restlessness (severe) ; pinpoint pupils of eyes; slow heartbeat; slow or troubled breathing; weakness (severe).
Also, check with your doctor as soon as possible if any of the following Hydrocodone side effects occur:
Less Commonly Observed
Dark urine (for propoxyphene only); fast, slow, or pounding heartbeat; feelings of unreality ; hallucinations (seeing, hearing, or feeling things that are not there); hives, itching, or skin rash ; increased sweating (more common with hydrocodone, meperidine, and methadone); irregular breathing; mental depression or other mood or mental changes; pale stools (for propoxyphene only); redness or flushing of face (more common with hydrocodone, meperidine, and methadone); ringing or buzzing in the ears; shortness of breath, wheezing, or troubled breathing; swelling of face; trembling or uncontrolled muscle movements; unusual excitement or restlessness (especially in children); yellow eyes or skin (for propoxyphene only).
Other Hydrocodone side effects may occur that usually do not need medical attention. These side effects may go away during treatment as your body adjusts to the medicine. However, check with your doctor if any of the following side effects continue or are bothersome:
More Commonly Observed
Dizziness, light-headedness, or feeling faint; drowsiness; nausea or vomiting.
Less Commonly Observed
Blurred or double vision or other changes in vision; constipation (more common with long-term use and with codeine) ; decrease in amount of urine; difficult or painful urination; dry mouth; false sense of well-being; frequent urge to urinate; general feeling of discomfort or illness; headache; loss of appetite; nervousness or restlessness; nightmares or unusual dreams; redness, swelling, pain, or burning at place of injection; stomach cramps or pain; trouble in sleeping; unusual tiredness or weakness.
After you stop using this medicine, your body may need time to adjust. The length of time this takes depends on the amount of medicine you were using and how long you used it. During this period of time check with your doctor if you notice any of the following Hydrocodone side effects:
Body aches; diarrhea; fast heartbeat; fever, runny nose, or sneezing; gooseflesh; increased sweating; increased yawning; loss of appetite ; nausea or vomiting; nervousness, restlessness, or irritability; shivering or trembling ; stomach cramps; trouble in sleeping; unusually large pupils of eyes; weakness.
Other Hydrocodone side effects not listed above may also occur in some patients. If you notice any other effects, check with your doctor.
Sources : The American Society of Health-System Pharmacists (ASHP) and the United
States Pharmacopeia (USP)
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