Anemia symptoms can be caused by several different forms
Anemia symptoms stem from a lower than normal number of red blood cells (erythrocytes) in the blood, usually measured by a decrease in the amount of hemoglobin. Hemoglobin is the red pigment in red blood cells that transports oxygen.
There are many types of anemia :
- Anemia - B12 deficiency
- Anemia - folate deficiency
- Anemia - iron deficiency
- Anemia of chronic disease
- Hemolytic anemia
- Hemolytic anemia - G-6-PD deficiency
- Idiopathic aplastic anemia
- Idiopathic autoimmune hemolytic anemia
- Immune hemolytic anemia
- Immune hemolytic anemia - drug-induced
- Megaloblastic anemia
- Pernicious anemia
- Secondary aplastic anemia
- Sickle cell anemia
Causes of anemia
The cause varies with the type of anemia. Potential causes include blood loss, nutritional deficits, many diseases, medication reactions, and various problems with the bone marrow. Iron deficiency anemia is most common in women who have heavy menstrual periods.
Possible symptoms include:
- Chest pain - angina
- Shortness of breath
To diagnose anemia symptoms a doctor will perform a physical examination and will look for the presence of a pale complexion and rapid heart rate. Anemia can be confirmed by a red blood count or hemoglobin level. Other tests depend on the type of anemia.
Treatment of Anemia Symptoms
Treatment should be directed at the cause of the anemia. In some cases, blood transfusions and the medication erythropoeitin will correct anemia.
Severe anemia can cause low oxygen levels in vital organs such as the heart and can lead to heart attack. Therefore, it is critical to treat anemia. Prevention is also important. A well-balanced diet with appropriate nutritional supplements is a winning combination.
Appropriate nutritional supplements to avoid vitamin deficiency and anemia symptoms
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